bernhard struck: cv & research

Esperanto and Internationalism, 1880s-1920

Research Area 3 : Objects, Traces, Mapping: Everyday experience of spaces

Contact: bernhard.struck(@)

Dr Bernhard Struck, Reader / Associate Professor in Modern European History, School of History, University of St Andrews, Founding Director of the Institute for Transnational & Spatial History. His research focuses on German, French, Polish History, the history of travel, borderlands, cartography and space. He is author of Nicht West – nicht Ost. Frankreich und Polen in der Wahrnehmung deutscher Reisender, 1750-1850 (2006) and Revolution, Krieg und Verflechtung.Deutsch-Französische Geschichte 1789-1815 (2008) (with Claire Gantet). He is co-editor of Shaping the Transnational Sphere. Experts, Networks and Issues from the 1840s to the 1930s (2015).

Link to its current research

Academic Posts

  • Since 09/2009 : Reader / Associate Professor in Modern European History, University of St Andrews
  • 09/2006 – 8/2009 : Lecturer in Modern History, University of St Andrews
  • 10/2004 – 8/2006 : Research Fellow, Berlin School for Comparative European History (BKVGE), Freie Universität Berlin  


  • 10/2003 : PhD in History, Technical University Berlin/ Université Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne 
  • 08/1999 : Magister Artium, Free University Berlin 
  • 08/1997 – 03/1998 : Studies in History, Université Lumière, Lyon II, France
  • 09/1995 – 08/1999 : Studies in History, Philosophy, and Political Science, Free University Berlin 
  • 10/1993 – 08/1995 : Studies in History, Philosophy, and Political Science, Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel 


  • 09-12/2017 : Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow, European University Institute (EUI), Florence
  • 07/2016 : Visiting Senior Fellowship, Institute for European History (IEG), Universität Mainz
  • 02-06/2016 : Visiting Fellowship, Minda de Gunzburg Centre for European Studies, Harvard University
  • 05/2013 : Karl Ferdinand Werner Fellow, German Historical Institute, Paris
  • 03/2012-04/2012 : Visiting Professor / professeur invité, Science Po, Paris 
  • 06/2011 : Visiting Fellow at the Geisteswissenschaftliches                                                     Zentrum Geschichte und Kultur Ostmitteleuropas (GWZO), Leipzig 
  • 12/2010 : Visiting Fellow at Centre for Advanced Studies (CAS), Munich
  • 09/2006 – 08/2007 : Feodor-Lynen-Fellow, Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung, visiting fellow at European University Institute (EUI), Florence 
  • 03/2006 : Visiting professor / Professeur invité at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris 

International Conferences & Invited Lectures

  • “Up and Down the Scales. Visualising the Esperanto Movement around 1900”, University of Manchester, 27 February 2020
  • “Esperanto Expertise? Local Actors – Transnational Knowledge in the early twentieth century”, Graines Summer School, Charles University, 10 June 2019
  • “Drang nach Osten?” Imperial Fantasies, Population Politics, and the Changing Patterns of Global Migration in the Long Nineteenth Century (Panel Comment, German Studies Association, Pittsburgh University, 28 September 2018)
  • Did Prussia have an Atlantic History? The Partitions of Poland-Lithuania, the French Colonisation of Kourou, and Climates (not Pirates) of the Caribbean, c. 1760-1790s (Columbia University NY, 19 September 2018, Pittsburgh University, 25 September 2018 & Charles University Prague, 24 October 2018)
  • Modern Europe. A Transnational History (European University Institute, 11 October 2017)
  • Prussia’s Atlantic History: Imperial Rivalries, the Partitions of Poland-Lithuania and French Guiana in a (speculative) global context, 1760s-1790s (Durham University, conference: C.A. Bayly, 19-20 May 2017)
  • After the territorial trap. Reframing and spatializing histories – borders, territories, and the shift from transnational to transnational (European University Institute, Florence; workshop: Working with Space, 1-2 December 2016)
  • Travels in Lotharingia OR What if…Napoleon had spoken Esperanto? A spatial, long-term analysis of the inner Empire and its legacy (including: zinc, code and a very small territory), (University of Ljubljana, conference key note: Borders and Administrative Legacy, 24-26 November 2016)
  • Baking transnational Europe: 150 gramm nodes, 5 actors, a few cities, 1 egg – but how much global? Confessions by a euro-centric historian (University of Heidelberg, Cluster Asia and Europe in a Global Context, 17 July 2016) 
  • Challenges and Pitfalls in Writing Modern Europe Transnationally: Reconfiguring Scales, Space, and Periodisation, c.1760s-2000s (Center for European Studies, Harvard University, 30 March 2016) 
  • The untrustworthy Mr W. A. Mozart. Cartography and the visualisation of territory and time in the German Lands, c.1830s-1860s (Weatherhead Center, Harvard University, 9 March 2016) 
  • Writing a Transnational History of Europe (Durham University, 11 November 2015) 
  • Travel and “biggish” data visualisation as spatial history. Thoughts on a changing research environment, disciplinary boundaries, and the practice of transnational history (UCL, London, 10 November 2015) 
  • Dots, Lines, and Colours in (Trans)nationally Contested Spaces. Ethnic Groups, Territorial Overlaps and the Mapping of German Border Regions between 1820s and 18870s (College of William & Mary, US, 19 March 2015)

Research Grants 

  • Since 09/2019 : Principal Investigator project “Esperanto & Internationalism, c.1880-1930” (total 120,000 Euro)
  • Since 09/2018 : Project Collaborator “Maps & Oceans. A History of Globalisation from the Sea” (with Professor Iris Schröder, Erfurt University, funded by Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany)
  • 09/2017 : Fritz Thyssen Foundation (Travel and Research Grant, for “Modern Europe” monograph)
  • 08/2015 : Research Grant, Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation 
  • 03/2011 – 07/2011 : British Academy, Research Grant 
  • 09/2006 – 08/2007 : Feodor-Lynen-Fellow, Alexander von Humboldt 
  • Stiftung, visiting fellow at European University Institute (EUI), Florence 


  • Revolution, Krieg und Verflechtung. Deutschland und Frankreich, 1789-1815 (Revolution, War, and Entanglement. Germany and France, 1789-1815), vol. 5: Deutsch-Französische Geschichte, Werner Paravicini/Michael Werner (eds.), Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 2008 (co-authored book, contribution of 75,000 words). 
  • #1b French translation (including two extended chapters and added bibliographical material): Révolution, guerre et interpénétrations, 1789-1815. L’Allemagne et la France, Presses Universitaires de Septentrion 2013.
  • Nicht West – nicht Ost. Frankreich und Polen in der Wahrnehmung deutscher Reisender zwischen 1750 und 1850, (Neither West – Nor East. France and Poland in the Perception of German Travelers, c. 1750-1850), Göttingen: Wallstein 2006 (research monograph 155,000 words).
  • #2b Polish translation: Nie Zachód, nie Wschód. Francja i Polska w oczach niemieckich podrózych w latach 1750-1850, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Neriton, 2012. 

Edited Volumes, Journals, Book Series

  • Spatial History and Its Sources, ed. with Riccardo Bavaj and Konrad Lawson, London: Routledge (forthcoming 2020).
  • Peripherien. Beiträge zur Europäischen Geschichte, Böhlau: Cologne Weimar Vienna. (book series European History in Global Perspective, six co-editors; currently lead co-editor with Martin Lengwiler Basel, since 2015).
  • Shaping the transnational sphere. Experts, networks, and issues (c. 1850-1930), ed. with Davide Rodogno and Jakob Vogel, New York: Berghahn 2014.
  • Size Matters. Scales in Transnational and Comparative history, special issue: International History Review, ed. with Kate Ferris and Jacques Revel, vol. 33/4, December 2011.
  • Grenzräume. Ein europäischer Vergleich vom 18. bis 20. Jahrhundert, ed. with Christophe Duhamelle/Andreas Kossert, Frankfurt/Main: Campus-Verlag 2007. 
  • Die Grenze als Raum, Erfahrung und Konstruktion. Deutschland, Frankreich und Polen 17.-20. Jahrhundert, ed. with Etienne François/Jörg Seifarth, Frankfurt/Main: Campus-Verlag 2007. 
  • Die Welt erfahren. Reisen als kulturelle Begegnung von 1780 bis heute, ed. with Hans Erich Bödeker/Arnd Bauerkämper, Frankfurt/Main: Campus-Verlag 2004.

Selected Articles & Book Chapters 

  • Did Prussia have an Atlantic History? The Partitions of Poland-Lithuania, the French Colonisation of Guyana and Climates in the Caribbean, c. 1760s-1780s, in: Klaus Weber and Jutta Wimmler (eds.), Globalised Peripheries. Central and Eastern Europe’s Atlantic Histories, c. 1680-186, Rochester: Boydell & Brewer, 19-36.
  • Maps as Spatial Language, in: Riccardo Bavaj, Konrad Lawson and Bernhard Struck (eds.), Spatial History and its Sources, London: Routledge. (forthcoming 2021)
  • (with James Koranyi) Space: Empires, Nations, Borders, in: Arpad von Klimo, Irina Livezeanu, (eds.), History of East Central Europe since 1700, New York London: Routledge, 2017, pp. 27-79. 
  • Sir John auf Reisen oder Wie die Zahlen nach Schottland kamen. Der “Statistical Account of Scotland” in transnationaler Perspektive, in: Julia Ellermann, Dennis Hormuth, Volker Seresse (eds.), Politische Kultur im frühneuzeitlichen Europa, Kiel: Verlag Ludwig, 2017, pp. 253-272.
  • (with Martin Schaller) Bayerische Hottentotten, schottische Barbaren und Homer auf Tahiti. Bereister Raum, beschriebene Zeiten und die Verortung des Eigenen und Fremden im späten 18. Jahrhundert, in: Christoph Dejung, Martin Lengwiler (eds.), Ränder der Moderne. Neue Perspektiven auf die Europäische Geschichte, Cologne Weimar Vienna: Böhlau, 2015, pp. 37-64. 
  • In search of the ‘West’, c.1770s-1840s: The Language of Political, Social and Cultural Spaces during the Sattelzeit, in: Riccardo Bavaj, Martina Steber (eds.) German Images of the West. The History of a Modern Concept, New York: Berghahn 2015, pp. 41-54.