Roma as an Object of Science and State Polices. Knowledge and Citizens in the Making in Post-war Czechoslovakia, 1945–1989
Research area 2: Norms & Transgressions
Contact : nikola.ludlova(@)cefres.cz
My dissertation project traces the history of the production of knowledge on the Roma population in Czechoslovakia between 1945 and 1989. It’s a contribution to a larger historiographical question relating to the history of science, i.e. the mutual interaction between political and scientific realms. I’m interested in finding out how the establishment of Roma as an object of science enhanced the development of these disciplines. I’m also looking at its instrumentalization by the state, as well as other actors, motivated by individual research interests. Some of these actors, despite participating in state-commissioned projects, became openly critical to assimilatory policies towards Roma and supporters/co-activists in the ethnic-emancipatory efforts of Roma intellectuals. Knowledge, therefore, simultaneously served two goals: the assimilation’s legitimization and it’s opposing ethnic emancipation. I intend to specifically position this study with respect to the field of knowledge termed as Gypsy studies or gypsiology.
Ideas, mobilisation and involvement on the side of the new political Right in Czechia and Poland
Research Area 2 & 3 : Norms and transgressions & Objects, Traces, Mapping: Everyday experience of spaces
Adrien Beauduin is a PhD student at the Central European University, where he devotes his researches to political parties positioned on the New Right in the Czech Republic and Poland. His work focuses on the party members’ individual motivations, socio-political opinions and mobilisation factors, with a particular emphasis on the demographic questions (family, social policies, migration, etc.).
Date and place : every Thursday at 9h10, room C17, Sociology Department, Charles University (Celetná 13, Praha 1) Lecturer : Julien Wacquez (CEFRES/EHESS Paris) Language : English
During the last decades, scholars within the Humanities and social sciences have shown a growing interest in science fiction literature. Unlike most overview studies concerning science fiction literature, in this course we will treat science-fiction not only as an object of investigation (is it possible to embrace the huge diversity of stories published under the label ‘science fiction’ as a whole? Is it possible to grasp it as just a ‘literature’ or should it be considered as a ‘culture,’ a ‘social movement?’ What is its relation to science?) but also as a field to work with, as a tool to produce new concepts which would help us to better understand our reality.
Throughout the semester, and through the lens of science fiction literature, we will explore a vast range of current and urgent themes on which much research in Humanities and social sciences is focused on, such as the Anthropocene, Feminism, Posthumanism, Postcolonialism, Science, and Technology.
For each session, two kinds of readings will be assigned: 1) a text by a scholar (or two) who uses science fiction narratives in her/his theoretical research, and 2) some science-fiction novels that allow to reflect upon a particular theme (animals, gender roles, climate change, etc.) We will observe how this scholar reads the stories, and which place (or function) s/he gives to these stories in her/his work. This method of investigation will enable us to think in two directions:
(i) what can we learn about science fiction literature through its usage by scholars coming from different fields of study? (ii) what can we learn about academic research through these practices of reading science fiction stories? What does it mean to read science fiction as a scholar working on the Anthropocene, feminism, postcolonialism?
Since one of the aims of this course is also to introduce science fiction to those students who are not familiar with this literary field, we will mostly focus on the classics and the most renowned authors (Karel Čapek, Philip K. Dick, William Gibson, Ursula K. Le Guin, Olaf Stapledon, H. G. Wells), chosen from among different genres of science fiction (Hard Science, Cyberpunk, Space Opera, Climate Fiction), from the 19th century to today. The course also aims to give students the basic tools to undertake their own research on science fiction, be it in Humanities or social sciences.
– Class participation. Students are strongly encouraged to attend all classes. (20 % of the final grade) – One short presentation of the assigned readings (10 minutes) for each student. The presentation should provide a summary of the texts, backed up by a critical analysis. (35 % of the final grade) – Final paper. (50 % of the final grade)
De-Imperial Europe: a Resentful Confederation of Vanquished Peoples? Raw and Lapsed Memories of Post-Imperial Minorities
Research Area 1 – Displacements, “Dépaysements” and Discrepancies: People, Knowledge and Practices
Johana Wyss is a researcher at CEFRES and the Institute of Ethnology, the Czech Academy of Sciences since February 2020. Currently she works with Michèle Baussant on the TANDEM project ‘Europe: a Resentful Confederation of Vanquished Peoples? Raw and Lapsed Memories of Post-Imperial (European) Minorities’. She is also a research member of the V4 Network at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale in relation to her individual postdoctoral project ‘Memory and Commemoration in Czech Silesia’.
Michèle Baussant is an anthropologist, research director at CNRS. She graduated in history and anthropology at Paris-Nanterre University and held a postdoctoral position at Laval University (Quebec) between 2003 and 2005. Her research, since its beginnings, has crossed an anthropological perspective with other disciplinary approaches (history, political sociology, geography, digital humanities) and a comparative and connected vision of her different fields allowing her to grasp her main research topic: the role of memory as a resource for, on the one hand, creating solidarities based on a lived and/or transmitted past, and, on the other hand, producing mechanisms of rejection, exclusion and disaffiliation. This path is, therefore, characterised by the continuity of her fields of investigation, from Algeria in its links with France, to Egypt and Lebanon, and finally to the Israeli-Palestinian spaces.